NOTE:-for beginning chapters search the BLOG ARCHIVE on right side
377. Students are liable to misuse words that are similar in form or sound ,but
different in meaning.A list of such words as are liable to be confused is
given below :--
1. Accede : consent. ' I cannot accede to your request.'
Exceed : surpass. 'His expenditure exceeds his income.'
2. Accept : to receive with favour.'I accept your offer.'
Except : to omit or exclude.'If you will except the last term,I shall accept
3. Access : approach or admission. 'A poor man has no access to the King.'
Excess : more than enough. ' He smokes to excess.'
4. Adapt : to make suitable;to adjust properly.'We must adapt ourselves to
Adopt : to accept and approve.'They adopted a child.' ' He adopted my scheme.'
Adept : One who is skilled.'He is and adept in painting.'
5. Advise :(Verb) . 'Please advise me what to do.'
Advice :(Noun). ' He paid no heed to my advice.'
6. Affect : (1) to influence.'Bad weather affects her health.'
(2) to pretend. 'Beginners often affect learning.'
Effect : (1) Verb. 'The prisoner effected(made) his escape.'
(2) Noun. 'What will be the effect(result) of this?'
7. Allusion : an indirect reference.'If your allusion is to any woman present
here,please name her.'
Illusion : an imaginary appearance.'A mirage is an optical illusion.'
8. Altar : a place for offerings. 'The pious old man bowed before the altar.'
Alter : to change.'Nothing can alter my decision.'
9. Antic : odd.'We laughed at her antic gestures.'
Antique : old-fashioned.'We laughed at her antique dress.'
10. Ascent : going upwards.'The balloon is on the ascent.'
Assent : agree;consent.'I cannot assent to your proposal.'
11. Aught : anything.'For aught I know,she is innocent.'
Ought : should. 'We ought to respect our parents.'
12. Bail : security.'He was released on bail.'
Bale: bundle. 'Fifty bales of cotton were burnt.'
13. Berth : a sleeping place in a train or on a ship.
'I got a berth reserved for me in the first class compartment.'
Birth : 'She gave birth to a child.'
14. Bear : endure.'I cannot bear this insult.'
Bare : uncover.'She bared her bosom to the moon.'
15. Born : (Past Participle of bear).'He was born on Tuesday.'
Borne : carried.'The message was borne to her.'
16. Canon : rule.'Every nation has its own canons of morality.'
Cannon : a large gun.'Cannon to the left of them,cannon to the right
17. Canvas : a kind of coarse cloth.'Shoes made of canvas are not durable.'
Canvass : solicit votes.'Will you canvass votes for me?'
18. Casual : occasional;irregular.'casual reading is better than no reading.'
Causal : relating to cause. 'The casual connection between food and
19. Censor : to subject to an official examiner.'The news is censored'
Censure : to criticize adversely.'They censured her conduct bitterly.'
20. Cession : the transfer of territory by one country to another. 'Nothing short
of the cession of the territory would satisfy the invader.'
Session : a term or a meeting period,as of a court,a legislature,or
any organized assembly.'The winter session of the Assembly
21. Cite : to quote. 'He cited verses from the Bible.'
Site : a place chosen for some special purpose.
'The site for the school building was selected by the Headmaster.'
Sight : view.'A horrible sight met our gaze.'
22. Coarse : rough. 'He wears coarse clothes.'
Course : direction. 'She has taken a wrong course (path).'
23. Compliment : regard. 'Tender my best compliments to your wife.'
Complement : that which makes up. 'My work is a complement to Mr.Sami's.'
24. Confidant : one who is trusted with a secret.
'My confidant betrayed my secret.'
Confident : sure. 'She is confident of success.'
25. Cord : rope. 'He cut the cord with a knife.'
Chord : a straight line joining any two points in a curve or a circle;as,
'the chord of a circle.'
26. Corporal : relating to the body. 'Corporal punishment in schools must be
Corporeal : relating to matter as opposed to spirit.
' Angels are not corporeal beings.'
27. Council : an assembly for conference or deliberation.
' He is a member of the Social Welfare Council.'
Counsel : (1) to advise and instruct :
' Fathers usually counsel their sons against excess.'
(2) advice : a legal adviser or advocate .
' he has engaged a counsel to defend him in the High Court.'
28. Decent : well-behaved and respectable.'She is a decent girl.'
Descent : derivation : slope,
'Her descent from a noble family was also taken into account.'
' The journey down the descent was easy.'
Dissent : disagreement. 'Murmurs of dissent were heard at the meeting.'
29. Deference : respect. 'Treat your elders with deference.'
Difference : 'There is a great difference between these two statements.'
30. Defy : challenge. 'He defied all authority.'
Deify : worship. The leader was deified by the people.'
31. Dependant : subordinate. 'Be kind to your dependants.'
Dependent : 'He is dependent on his wife.'
32. Deprecate : feel and express disapproval of.
' He deprecates changing the rules at present.'
Depreciate : make or become less in value. 'The purchasing power of money
has depreciated since she purchased her savings certificates.'
33. Disease : illness. ' Consumption is not a fatal disease.'
decease : death. 'A severe disease may cause decease.'
34. Dual : double. 'I do not believe in this dual policy of the Government.'
Duel : a combat between two men.' He fought a duel in his youth.'
35. Dying : (the Present Participle of die).'People are dying of disease every day.'
Dyeing : (the act of colouring), 'This laundry does cleaning and dyeing.'
36. Elicit : draw out.' I could not elicit any truth from her.'
Illicit : unlawful. 'Those who carry on illicit trade in opium are liable to be
37. Elude : to escape. 'He cleverly eluded the police.'
Allude : to refer to. 'Which is the woman you alluded to in your speech?'
38. Emerge : to come out. 'The swimmer emerged from the water.'
Immerge : to plunge into. 'The chemist immerged the metal in acid.'
39. Emigrant : a person who leaves one country take up residence in another.
'The Irish emigrants settled in Canada.'
Immigrant : One who comes to one country from another to live there
permanently.' Most of the Americans are English immigrants.'
40. Eminent : prominent. 'He is an eminent doctor.'
Imminent : It applies especially to danger or misfortune that threatens to
happen immediately. 'She was saved from imminent death.'
41. Eruption : a violent bursting out.'Many villages were destroyed by an
eruption of the volcano.'
Irruption :a sudden invasion. 'The Chinese irruption into Tibet.'
42. Farther : actual distance or extension in space. 'It is farther from Delhi
to Madras than it is from Delhi to Bombay.'
Further : something additional in thought. 'They discussed the matter
43. Fare : 'What is the railway fare from Delhi to Bombay?'
Fair : 'The weather is fair.' 'Her dealings are fair.'
44. Forgo : abstain from ;give up.' I shall forgo the pleasure of that trip.'
Forego :to go before.' He will follow if you forego.' 'See the foregoing
45. Gamble : to play for stakes. 'They gambled on the green.'
Gambol : to play and frolic. 'The lambs are gambolling on the green.'
46. Hoard : store. 'Do not hoard grains in times of war.'
Horde : (a wandering tribe). 'Wandering hordes attacked villagers huts.'
47. Human : relating to man. 'Human nature cannot stand such insults.'
Humane : sympathetic;tender-hearted. 'The humane treatment of
prisoners is now advocated by all.'
48. Ingenuous : artless;frank;plain.'The ingenuous talk of the child impressed
Ingenious : skillful.'He is an ingenious mechanic.'
49. Jealous : 'He is jealous(envious) of my reputation.'
Zealous : ardent;enthusiastic.'She is a zealous worker in the cause of
50. Legible : capable of being read. 'She writes a legible hand.'
Eligible : fit to be chosen. 'He is eligible for the post.'
51. Lightning : 'He was struck by lightning.'
Lightening : making light. 'I am thinking of lightening your burden.'
52. Loth : unwilling.'The mother was loth to leave her child behind.'
Loathe : to abhor or hate with extreme disgust.
'Most people loathe falsehood.'
53. Loose :to unfasten. 'Loose this knot,please.'
Lose : to part with something. 'Don't lose your purse.'
54. Metal : 'Platinum is a precious metal.'
Mettle : spirit;courage. ' I will put your mettle to the test.'
55. Monetary : relating to money.'I have no monetary motives in helping you.'
Monitory : relating to money. 'He paid no head to the monitory advice of
56. Naughty : wicked. 'He is a naughty boy.'
Knotty : difficult to solve. 'This a knotty problem.'
57. Order : command. 'An order must be obeyed.'
Ardour : fervour;zeal. 'he is full of youthful ardour.'
58. Ordinance : a rule;a law. 'The President has recently issued several new
Ordnance : cannon. 'Ordance were fired at the enemies.'
59. Persecute : to oppress or punish unjustly.
' Many people have been presecuted for their religious belief.'
Prosecute : (1) carry on. 'He prosecuted his studies further.'
(2) to institute legal proceedings against a person.
'Trespassers will be prosecuted.'
60. Physic : medicine. 'A dose of physic will do you good.'
Physique : bodily constitution. ' He possesses a healthy physique.'