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Wednesday, February 2, 2011

COMPOUND WORDS (3)



                                                  *) CHAPTER-38

*) Compound words are,for the most part,Nouns,Adjectives and Verbs.

373. Compound Nouns may be formed from :--

(1) Noun + Noun;as,
     
     *) Moon(Noun)+light(Noun)=Moonlight
     *) Oil-lamp
     *) Ear-ring
     *) Arm-chair
     *) Postman
     *) Railway
     *) Air-hostess,
     *) Door-step
     *) Sign-post
     *) Trap-door
     *) Lion-tamer
     *) Ring-leader
     *) Moneylender
     *) Man-servant
     *) Fire-escape
     *) Tax-payer
     *) Showmaker
     *) Haystack
     *) Windmill
     *) Teaspoon
     *) Newspaper

(2) Adjective + Noun;as,

     *) Mad(Adjective)+man(Noun)=Madman
     *) Stronghold
     *) Nobleman
     *) Sweetheart
     *) Shorthand
     *) Blackbird
     *) Quicksilver

(3) verb + Noun ;as,
   
    *) Tell(Verb)+-tale(Noun)=Tell-tale
    *) Pick-pocket
    *) Cut-throat
    *) Stop-gap
    *) Make-shift
    *) Spendthrift
    *) Breakfast
    *) daredevil
    *) Passport

(4) Gerund + Noun ;as,

    *) Drawing-room
    *) Looking-glass
    *) Walking-stick
    *) Laughing-stick
    *) Skipping-rope
    *) Stepping-stone
    *) Blotting-paper

(5) Adverb +Noun ;as,

    *) Over(Adverb)+coat(Noun)=Overcoat
    *) After-thought
    *) Post-script
    *) Under-tone
    *) Fore-sight
    *) Downfall
    *) Overload
    *) Out-patient
    *) Over-dose
    *) Up-land
    *) Off-shoot.

(6) Adverb + Verb;as,

    *) In(Adverb)+come(Verb)=Income
    *) Output
    *) Intake
    *) Offspring
    *) Outbreak
    *) Outlook
    *) Outfit
    *) Upstart
    *) Outburst
    *) Outlet
    *) Out-cast
    *) Outcome
    *) Upkeep
    *) Outset
    *) Outcry.
   

(7) Verb + Adverb;as,

    *) Draw(verb)+back(Adverb)=Drawback
    *) Send-off
    *) Go-between
    *) Look-up
    *) Die-hard
    *) Break-down
    *) Run-away
    *) Fare-well
    *) Stand-still
    *) Walk-over


374. Compound Adjectives  may be formed from :--

(1) Noun + Adjective(or participle);as,

    *) Home(Noun)+Sick(Adjective)=Home-sick
    *) Weather-beaten
    *) Hen-pecked
    *) Moth-eaten
    *) Head-strong
    *) World-wide
    *) Life-long
    *) High-brow
    *) Knee-deep
    *) Purse-proud
    *) Snow-white
    *) Blood-red
    *) Pitch-dark
    *) Skin-deep
    *) Stone-blind
    *) Noteworthy
    *) Heart-rending
    *) ear-piercing
    *) Time-serving
    *) Heart-broken
    *) bed-ridden
    *) hand-made
    *) Love-lorn
    *) Water-proof
    *) Self-sacrificing
    *) Money-making




(2) Adjective + Adjective;as,

    *) Red(Adjective)+Hot(Adjective)=red-hot
    *) White-hot
    *) dark-brown
    *) Dull-grey
    *) Lukewarm
    *) Worldly-wise
    *) ready-made
    *) Wide-spread
    *) High-born
    *) Full-grown
    *) Fool-hardy
    *) Thick-set
    *) New-laid

(3) Adverb + Participle;as,

    *) Out(Adverb)+Spoken(Particple)=Out-spoken
    *) Down-hearted
    *) Well-deserved
    *) Down-trodden
    *) Long-suffering
    *) Everlasting
    *) never-ending
    *) Thorough-bred

375. Compound Verbs may be formed from :---

(1) Noun +verb;as,

    *) Ear(Noun)+mark(Verb)=Earmark
    *) Waylay
    *) Typewrite
    *) Backbite
    *) Browbeat

(2) Adjective + Verb;as,

    *) White(Adjective)+Wash(verb)=Whitewash
    *) Dryclean
    *) Safeguard

(3) Adverb + verb;as,
 
    *) Over(Adverb)+Take(verb)=Overtake
    *) Overhear
    *) Overdo
    *) Overthrow
    *) Foresee
    *) Foretell
    *) Undertake
    *) Undergo
    *) Outbid
    *) Outdo
    *) Upset
    *) Undersell
   

Exercise :-Choose one word from List A and one word from List B to form a
                compound word :e.g.,CROSSWORD


List A :  cross,   cut,  dead,  law,  cup,  court,  broad,  trust,  spend,  nut,  post
           
             step,   type,  vice,   ward, under,  grave,  counter,  with,  news,  pass,

            credit,  break, ring,  hand, straight,   down,  high,  torch.


List B : mine,  act,  yard,  draw,  robe,  president,  word,  throat, breaker,

            lock,  board,  herd,  way, martial, shell, worthy, thrift,  writer,  print,

            port, script,  mother, cast,  able,  leader,  down,  bearer,  fall,forward

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